Farmed by Douglas and his family since 1977, Santana Estate is expanding the area covered by native tree species to 30%. The estate is also a permanent nature reserve providing sanctuary for birds and native animals. This is the family's largest and oldest farm. When needed, only WHO permitted products are used. Water from their washing stations is recycled for repeated use and water conservation.
Coffees are dried and processed at the estate before being exported directly so the family is able to control every step in the process. Bourbon and Yello Icatu varietals are going to be introduced in the future. Despite a long history of success, the family is always looking for ways to improve their practices and take better care of their environment. We consider them to be a model Estate.
About Brazilian Coffee
Brazil is well-known as the world's largest coffee producer. The legend regarding how coffee first came to Brazil is also fairly well-known. A Lt. Col. from Brazil was sent to neighboring French Guiana, controlled by France at the time, to smuggle some coffee beans back to Brazil. He allegedly achieved this through seduction and deceit. Though, some believe that French settlers eventually brought coffee to the Portuguese controlled country themselves. Either way, Brazil has since come to dominate the global coffee market by accounting for nearly a third of the world's production.
Coffee from Brazil can vary widely in quality. You will find the largest commercial farms down to the smallest family plots and everything, along with every farming practice, in between. There have even been documented instances of slavery on over a dozen mid-sized farms in recent years.
Our focus in Brazil is to work with both conventional, mechanized harvest, farms and natural, traditional method, farmers and co-ops. Our Buying Network members are looking for both products. In Brazil, as in most origins where The Coffee Co-Mission works, our Directors source through family ties. This helps ensure long-term quality, stability, and the integrity of our vertically integrated supply chain, even in this vast area.
Brazil is not without its issues. Many years of deforestation have left some farms less protected from climate change’s consequences. Drought and pests, such as roya fungus and bean boring beetles, can ravage 30-70% of a harvest. Mechanized practices and governmental regulations make reforestation a tough sell in some regions, but this and better irrigation and fertilization practices are the main focuses of The Coffee Co-Mission's efforts to help the people of Brazil.